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curated by critical design author Frederico Duarte and Max Bruinsma under EXD'11,
designed by Ian Anderson of The Designer's Republic collective.
In a paperback book format , "Useless" brings together essays from authors of 5
distinct areas: the journalist Denis Burgierman (BR), the interactive designer
Johan Redström (SE), professor and economist Jorge Braga de Macedo (PT), artist
Marta de Menezes (PT) and design critic Ralph Caplan (U.S.) These original
texts explore the concept "Useless", providing a kaleidoscopic view of the theme of the
Biennale. The approach is plural, reflecting different generational perspectives
of diverse actors in contemporary culture.